Large kidney stones removal is a life-saving procedure to remove solid pebble-like materials in the Kidney and Lower urinary tract. Experts in the medical profession who have spent almost a decade perfecting their skills and knowledge can carry out this procedure.
The Kidney is a bean-shaped organ at the back of your abdomen. Your abdomen is the space below your chest (where people call the stomach) just before your genitals. The bean-shaped organs (right and left) are vital for daily body function. Even though you can live successfully with one Kidney, you should give proper care to your two kidneys.
The Kidney receives about twenty-five percent (25%) of the blood that the heart pumps out. This blood that goes to the Kidney is the source of the urine we excrete every day. The Kidney performs other specific functions apart from urine production. Urine contains some toxic wastes, drug metabolites, and inorganic compounds that should not stay inside the body. Here, the Kidney acts as a cleansing system for the body.
In addition, the Kidney maintains and keeps the blood pressure in check. Blood pressure can fluctuate because of illnesses and stressful activities. Through some unique processes, the Kidney keeps the blood pressure under control. It is also heavily involved in ensuring we have enough red blood cells/erythrocytes. The red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to other organs to ensure they are alive and functioning.
The specialized structure of the Kidney also makes it produce enzymes that control everyday processes. Since it excretes urine, they maintain the amount of fluid inside the body. This prevents cells from shrinking or swelling and helps them live longer.
The ultrastructure of the Kidney also grants it the ability to keep or excrete ions in the body. These ions are responsible for muscle movement, normal heartbeats, and bone and mineral formation. Retaining or excreting these ions in excess or reduced concentrations is the Kidney function. However, we should protect it at all costs because of its immense contribution to everyday life. Organs like the brain, heart, lungs, and liver cannot function maximally without good kidneys.
Generally, Kidney stones are deposits of minerals and salts in concentrated urine. Stones are normal urine constituents that develop suddenly into solid pebble-like materials in concentrated urine. These stones are hard and can be painful during urination. However, they can form in one or both kidneys.
In addition, urine formed by the Kidney has a normal proportion of fluids to crystal (stone) forming substances. If this proportion is not disturbed, no stone is formed. However, stones are formed when the crystal-forming substances are more than the fluid in concentrated urine. These crystal-forming substances stick together to form solid stones as time passes.
There are about four types of kidney stones. This classification is based on what the stones contain. They include:
Kidney stones don’t have a single definite cause. But a lot of factors predispose people to kidney stones. Some of them include:
Kidney stones come with some painful and scary symptoms that tell you it’s time to see the doctor. Some of those symptoms are:
You should see a doctor immediately if the pain becomes severe and affects your daily activities. However, a visit to your doctor is essential if you begin to see blood in your urine.
Generally, there are three ways of removing large kidney stones:
This method involves using high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to pinpoint the exact location of the stones in your Kidney. When the stone site is identified, shockwaves are sent to the stone from a machine. These shockwaves will break the stones into small pieces that can be excreted in the urine. Although this method is ineffective, you may need to have more than one session. Shockwave lithotripsy is uncomfortable and is done after taking pain-killing medications (analgesics).
Ureteroscopy involves passing a long telescope tube into your urethra ( the tube that carries urine outside the bladder). The long tube goes to the ureter that connects the Kidney to the bladder. Furthermore, the surgeon then uses laser energy to break up the stones into smaller pieces to be excreted into the urine. Your physician will carry out this procedure under general anesthesia.
Furthermore, your doctor will make a small incision on your back just below your ribs where your kidneys are. They will use a nephroscope (a small telescopic instrument) to locate the stone. Once they note the site, they will pull the stone out or break it into smaller pieces using laser energy. Doctors often carry out Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy under general anesthesia (where the patient sleeps completely)
The surgery to remove a large kidney stone can have some side effects even if your surgeon goes by the textbooks and is an expert. The complications may differ depending on the type of surgery. The complications include:
Your doctor should discuss these complications with you before surgery.
Lastly, Kidney stones have different sizes, from small pea-sized to five inches (5 inches) large kidney stones. Large kidney stones are difficult to pass in the urine. Diets and food products play a lot of roles in developing kidney stones. However, modification of lifestyle may help prevent the development of large kidney stones.
Even though doctors can remove large kidney stones in three ways by surgery, researchers suggest that Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is the best method. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy usually takes three hours, depending on the speed of your surgeon.
YES. The shock wave lithotripsy procedure is non-invasive. Your doctors will pass Shockwaves through the body to break these stones into smaller pieces for excretion in the urine.
Generally, this may depend on the type of procedure you choose. Some can be as fast as twenty (20) to forty-five (45) minutes. Others can be as long as two (2) to three (3) hours. However, you would need to stay in the hospital for one (1) or two (2) days after your procedure.