Gynecologic Oncology is also known as gynecologic cancer. However, it is a subspecialty of cancer studies specific to the types of cancer that affect the female reproductive organs. Moreover, cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control. Consequently, if this abnormal cell growth is not well managed, it can spread to the body’s other organs.
However, gynecologic cancer often starts in the female’s pelvic region between the hip bone and below the stomach. In addition, medical practitioners that specialize in the treatment of gynecologic oncology are gynecologic oncologists. They spend quality time studying the complexities of reproductive cancer. Women living with this type of cancer can receive treatments such as chemotherapy and surgery.
Gynecologic Oncology refers to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of abnormal cell growth in a woman’s reproductive organs/systems. Above all, this type of cancer develops in the compartment of the female pelvic region. These compartments consist of the cervix, uterus, fallopian tube, vagina, ovaries, and vulva.
Furthermore, you must pay attention and take conscious steps towards knowing what is normal for your body. There are several types of gynecologic cancer, and in their early stages, they show no signs or symptoms. These include;
In addition, we will discuss briefly the commonest of all the gynecologic oncology types above. You should contact your health practitioner to be able to make an informed decision regarding the best possible ways to manage your cancer.
Firstly, this occurs mainly in the lower part of the uterus (cervix). In addition, strains of Human papillomavirus (HPV) play a vital role in causing cervical cancer. However, HPV is a virus that transmits sexually and can stay alive for years. Therefore, it will contribute to the abnormal growth of cervical cells. Finally, patients with this type of cancer often get surgical treatment known as “hysterectomy” ( removal of the cervix and uterus).
Symptoms of Cervical cancer
Types of Cervical cancer
Secondly, this type of cancer occurs when an abnormal cell grows in the ovary. However, these cells can multiply rapidly and destroy healthy body tissues. Therefore, surgery is the main treatment for this type of cancer.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
Types of Ovarian Cancer
In addition, this refers to Uterine cancer and it occurs in the uterus. This type of cancer usually persists when the cell layer of your uterus known as “endometrium” grows abnormally. This shows that Endometrial or Uterine cancer is present.
Symptoms of Endometrial cancer
Furthermore, this type of gynecologic oncology occurs in the cells that line the surface of your vagina. However, Oncologists make us understand that other types of reproductive cancer can spread to your vagina. But this type primarily begins in your vagina, and it is rare.
Symptoms of Vaginal cancer
In addition, vaginal cancer comes with its own types. Which includes
Finally, the vulva consists of the area of the skin that is found around the urethra, vagina, clitoris, and labia. Furthermore, this type of cancer is common in adults and can cause a sore or lump on the vulva.
Symptoms of Vulvar cancer
Types of Vulvar Cancer
Furthermore, gynecologic oncologists draw a list of the commonest factors that can expose you to the risk of developing any reproductive cancer. These includes:
Gynecologic oncologists work with Pathologists, Radiologists, and other health practitioners to carry out a comprehensive evaluation before diagnosis. However, patients with any form of reproductive cancer have access to treatment through chemotherapy and surgeries. These evaluations include;
In conclusion, a Gynecologic oncologist also recommends that supportive therapies can also help patient recovery. However, all women need to get routine checkups with their doctors as this will further give awareness on the status of their health and well-being.