Researchers indicate that cancer is one of the leading causes of death globally. It occurs due to some abnormal body cells’ uncontrollable growth and division. The abnormal cells spread around the body and destroy body tissues. Cancer can develop in any part of the body, and it damages the immune system and make your body vulnerable. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an example of the different types of cancers that attack the blood cells.
Scientists refer to this cancer as acute because it is uncontrollable, develops very fast, and might be life-threatening. It attacks an immature form of a type of white blood cell known as lymphocytes and creates more immature blood cells. While this blood cancer is rare in adults, it is very common in children. However, there is a high chance of curing it in children through treatments, while curing it in adults is very slim.
Acute lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), known as acute lymphocytic leukemia, is a blood cancer that develops in white blood cells in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is a known soft and spongy tissue located in the bones’ inner center. It produces the bone marrow stem cells. The stem cell makes the red blood cells needed to carry oxygen, the white blood cells needed to fight infection, and the required platelets to stop bleeding.
Doctors cannot determine precisely what can cause acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This cancer occurs when changes in the genetic material or DNA of a bone marrow stem cell. These changes (mutation) cause the bone marrow stem cells to continue to grow and divide abnormally. Consequently, the bone marrow produces immature blood cells that can not function properly uncontrollably when this occurs. However, the immature blood cells multiply until they render the healthy blood cells useless.
Furthermore, since we cannot say what causes ALL, the following are factors that may increase your risk of developing it:
You are at a higher risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia if you have exposure to high radiation levels like X-rays before birth or nuclear reactors.
Some medical conditions that affect the genes, such as down syndrome, or some chromosome problem, may put you at risk of developing acute lymphocytic leukemia.
Contact with chemicals and toxins such as benzene, a solvent, can raise your chances of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Likewise, If you have had some types of chemotherapy and radiation therapy to treat cancer in the past, your chances of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia may be high.
Having a brother, sister, or relatives with leukemia may put you at risk for developing ALL. Also, if you have received a bone marrow transplant in the past, you may be at risk of developing lymphoblastic leukemia
Generally, some signs and symptoms you may see indicate the development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. These include;
Furthermore, the symptoms above may also indicate the presence of other illnesses. But it would be best to book an appointment with your doctor if you persistently notice these symptoms in yourself or your child. Early detection and treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) will increase the chances of successful treatment.
Generally, there are three stages of acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment. The first stage is known as untreated. The treatments administered are only meant to counter the symptoms at this stage. The first stage of therapy does not aim to halt cancerous growth. At the same time, the second stage of treatment is remission. At this stage, you would undergo treatment to kill as many leukemia cells as possible to get the blood counts back to normal.
The remission stage of treatment gets your complete blood count (CBC) back to normal. It will also help to excellently reduce the number of leukemia cells in your bone marrow. The third stage of treatment is known as recurrent. You might require this if there is a cancer reoccurrence after remission.
Some conservative treatment methods, such as exercises, acupuncture, massage, meditation, etc., may help ease acute lymphoblastic leukemia symptoms. The treatment process of acute lymphoblastic leukemia can last for as long as 2-3 years. Therefore, it is essential to learn all you need to know about leukemia and ask your doctor any questions that may be bothering you. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia can be cured if detected early enough to commence treatment. Therefore, see a doctor today if you notice any signs and symptoms of the cancerous disease.
Generally, this type of blood cancer originates from the white blood cell and can develop rapidly in days or a few weeks.
Perhaps your doctor has diagnosed you with Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), don’t panic. It can be challenging but, you still have the chance of survival. Reports indicate that about 65% of people with ALL can survive for five years and more.
After starting treatments, reports indicates that 98% of children with ALL may go into remission. However, about 90% of them can get cured. Generally, patients are considered cured after ten years of remission.